Supreme Court commences day-to-day hearing on the Ayodhya land dispute.
Hindu supporters and activists celebrated the ruling on the court lawns, blowing bugles and chanting "Jai Shree Ram", or hailing god Ram.
A committee is formed by Hindu groups, including the Vishnu Hindu Parishad party (VHP), to spearhead the construction of a Hindu temple.
The unanimous decision by five judges led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi disappointed some Muslims while Hindus rejoiced.
He said matters of faith and religious sensitivity are best addressed in a non-partisan judicial forum which has now happened.
"On the contrary, the travelogues (chiefly Tiefenthaler and Montgomery Martin) provide a detailed account both of the faith and belief of the Hindus based on the sanctity which they ascribed to the place of birth of Lord Ram and of the actual worship by the Hindus at the Janmasthan".
Prince Yakub Habeebuddin Tucy, who claims to be a descendant of last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, on Friday said that the title should be settled in favour of Lord Ram temple in the Ayodhya land dispute case.
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The court also took cognisance of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) report of 2003, which stated that there was a structure underneath the Babri Masjid. As the United Nations recently noted that Indian Supreme Court's response to human rights petitions in the context of Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir was slow, this decision points out that when it acts, it is unable to protect the interests of India's minorities. The court further said, however, that the title can not be established on the ground of faith and belief and they are only indicators for deciding the dispute.
Ahead of the verdict, Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged calm and security was tightened around the Supreme Court building in New Delhi and Ayodhya, where 5,000 paramilitary forces were deployed.
Delhi Police said it will initiate strict legal action against mischief-mongers or those found indulging in any activity which may adversely affect the peace and public order. Advisories were also issued asking people not to fan communal tension on social media. Police also have detained 5,000 people with criminal backgrounds across the state to prevent them from creating trouble after the court verdict, according to Uttar Pradesh state government spokesman Awanish Awasthi.
He further said that no mosque can be built or namaz can be offered on any disputed land. Hindus claimed one of their gods, Lord Ram, was born at the site of the mosque.
In what will go down in history as one of its most landmark verdicts in Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case, the Apex Court of India on Saturday, Nov.9 directed the Center to form within three months a trust which will build a temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.
The FIIDS admired the Supreme Court for conducting hearing the Ayodhya case non-stop for the last 40 days to resolve this hard case that had been pending for the last seven decades. People accused of having participated in and incited the violence, including some Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders, are still on trial, almost 27 years on. It is also a tad ironic that the decision came on the day when the Kartarpur Corridor was opened for Sikh pilgrims, indicating Pakistan's intentions to facilitate other religious communities.
India's Supreme Court has ruled that a disputed religious site in the northern holy city of Ayodhya should be run by Hindus and that an alternative parcel of land be give to Muslims.