He visited Hong Kong past year amid its pro-democracy protest against the then-proposed extradition law, which would have allowed Hong Kong to detain and transfer people wanted in other countries, including China.
Addressing the congress, Premier Li Keqiang said: "We'll establish sound legal systems and enforcement mechanisms for safeguarding national security in the two Special Administrative Regions".
On Saturday a cross-party global coalition of 186 parliamentarians and policymakers from 23 countries, Led by the former Governor of Hong Kong, Lord Patten, joined calls for governments to unite against this "flagrant breach of the Sino-British Joint Declaration" that established Hong Kong's semi-autonomous status.
Chris Patten, the last governor of the former British colony, said China has betrayed the people of Hong Kong and the West should stop kowtowing to Beijing for an illusory great pot of gold.
If someone is arrested and prosecuted, Tam said, "it will be done all within the existing Hong Kong legal system".
Bypassing Hong Kong's government, China's government is pushing measures through its parliament to allow Chinese state security forces to be stationed in Hong Kong, permit extradition of dissidents to Communist China and revamp Hong Kong's education system to instill pro-Beijing views in children.
Under the same agreement, Hong Kong had to enact is own national security laws - this was set out in Article 23 of the Basic Law.
Vice Premier Han Zheng said at the meeting in Beijing that Beijing hoped to ensure the rights and freedoms of Hong Kong people were protected and maintained, RTHK said, citing local Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference member Thomas So. Plus, Hong Kong had been for long China's economic dynamo.
USA lawmakers are pressing for tough action over Hong Kong, which has become the latest front in soaring tensions between Washington and Beijing, but even some supporters of the territory's democracy movement ask if the "nuclear option" would be effective.
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Legislation would involve the Hong Kong government introducing a bill to the Legislative Council (LegCo, Hong Kong's semi-democratic legislature) for debate, amendments, and voting. Although details remain secret, a similar security bill withdrawn in 2003 carried life sentences and drew massive street protests. They argue that it will end the island's autonomy under the "one country, two systems" policy. It said Kwok - an opposition lawmaker who was participating in a filibuster effort in the city's elected legislature - may have committed misconduct and violated his oath of office, offenses that could cost him his seat.
The contentious measure, submitted Friday on the opening day of China's national legislative session, is strongly opposed by pro-democracy lawmakers in Hong Kong.
As the law has not even been drafted yet, it is hard to be concrete, but essentially people in Hong Kong fear the loss of their civil liberties.
The Chinese Communist Party yesterday made it clear that the planned law was aimed at quashing the democracy movement.
Wang said Hong Kong's delays in implementing the security law had forced the Chinese leadership to take action.
Beijing's move comes after pro-democracy protests in 2019 plunged Hong Kong into its biggest political crisis since the handover.
The proposal was raised at China's National Congress and follows the widespread protests by Hong Kong residents concerned Beijing was undermining the freedoms promised when the city was handed back to China by the United Kingdom in 1997.
"The Hong Kong democracy fight will carry on", says Mo defiantly.
"I was very upset when I held the newspaper with the headline that the national security law has arrived in Hong Kong", said a newspaper vendor named Man, who declined to give her full name, Reuters reported.
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