The results on Wednesday mark the second consecutive time that Canada has lost a bid to sit on the UN's decision-making body, and comes after a high-profile campaign from the Trudeau government to win the spot.
"Canadians can vote on Trudeau in the next federal election, and we need to remember this is a vote for Canada and not our PM", said Bessma Momani, an global affairs expert at the University of Waterloo.
Kenya and Djibouti were facing off for one seat, while in the Western bloc, three nations - Canada, Ireland and Norway - are vying for two seats. As per rules, five non-permanent members out of 10 are elected each year for two years.
Some 191 member states voted on Thursday.
The Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East organization issued a statement that the defeat was attributable to "Canada's failure to demonstrate leadership on human rights and global co-operation".
Canada - already stung by a defeat in 2010 during its last bid for the Security Council, when the General Assembly chose Portugal instead - was dominated by Norway, with 130 votes, and Ireland, which had 128, the minimum number required to win.
Earlier Wednesday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said even if Canada lost, it would continue its worldwide efforts to fight against climate change, economic inequity and preserving the world's increasingly fragile institutions.
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Canada fell short with 108 votes.
"You have two big players coming in, India and Mexico", he said, "and it's sometimes pretty good for the council to have strong and big and active members because it makes the council stronger".
"The failure of the Trudeau government is very revealing", said Blanchet.
Lewis and Mulroney worked together to lead Canada's participation in the broader fight at the United Nations to eventually bring down the racist anti-Black Apartheid regime in South Africa.
Working alongside the five permanent members with veto powers (Russia, UK, US, China and France), Kenya will join nine other non-permanent members and could get a chance to preside over the Council's sittings, an influential opportunity to influence agenda.
Canada's campaign for the council focused heavily on what it has been doing in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. "But it certainly would be nice to have that extra lever of a seat on the Security Council".
Trudeau said he has called the leaders of Norway and Ireland "to congratulate them for a well-run campaign and commit to them that we were going to continue to work with them on all our shared values on the world stage". "It is unfortunate that we're in a situation of having to compete against friends for this". "We need to think about a lot of things over the next few months" including, "where Canada best belongs in terms of these groupings".