President Pak G.I. and Liver Diseases Society Dr Sajjad Jamil said that people and their families could be saved from the lethal, blood-borne infection if they were made aware of the preventive measures of hepatitis.
Mortality due to COVID-19 is approximately 2% to 3% in India, with most cases being largely asymptomatic, said Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan on Tuesday, adding that this makes it important to create awareness about the higher risk of both morbidity and mortality faced by people with diabetes, obesity, and fatty liver and chronic liver diseases. Tedros said an estimated 325 million people globally live with hepatitis B or C, and each year these viruses kill an estimated 1.3 million people.
"The hepatitis B vaccine was firstly introduced in 1982 and became the first vaccine to be recognised for its ability to prevent cancer in humans", Ms McMillan said. However, these are transmitted by consuming contaminated food and water and can cause significant outbreaks. He said cases of viral hepatitis are most commonly found among the age group of 21 to 40 years.
WHO had recommended that more people should have access to hepatitis C testing and curative treatment, and also global health communities should come together to officially begin moving towards the elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030.
A FRIGHTENING number of people in the world don't know they have some form of hepatitis. It can damage your liver if not treated on time. The WHO also reports that the date was chosen because it is the birthday of Nobel-prize winning scientist Dr Baruch Blumberg, who discovered hepatitis B virus (HBV) and developed a diagnostic test and vaccine for the virus.
World Hepatitis Day, this year (2020), is being commemorated under the theme "Hepatitis-free future" that focuses on preventing hepatitis B among mothers and new-borns. It also leads to hepatocellular carcinoma or cancer of the liver, which is a serious illness, and in most cases, it leads to death if a liver transplant is not performed. It is spread through contaminated blood, intravenous drug abuse and sexual contact with an infected person.
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The most common symptoms of these viruses include loss of appetite, yellow discolouration of skin and eyes (jaundice), pale stools, dark urine, abdominal pain, joint pain, fatigue, sudden weight loss, nausea, fever, vomiting, etc.
European surveillance data show on-going transmission of hepatitis B and, despite a recent slight decline, high annual levels of hepatitis C diagnoses.
"Odisha chief minister Naveen Patnaik said that people should pledge to raise awareness and further scale up access to treatment to realise the global goal of Hepatitis Free Future".
He stated that eliminating hepatitis by 2030 as contained in the SDGs, will require enduring innovation, better access to medicines, and improved health services. Vaccine for hepatitis A is available and can protect you from this fatal infection.
But according to recent ECDC findings, only a few countries across the EU/EEA have met the 2020 target of the European Action Plan to diagnose 50% of people with chronic hepatitis.